Fino: a partial differential equation solver based on the finite element method

Fino: a free finite-element solver 

Fino is a free and open source tool to solve partial differential equations using the finite element method. It is particularly designed to handle linear elastic problems, natural frequency analysis and heat conduction but arbirtary equations may be included. The domain over which the PDE is solved (which can be either one, two or three-dimensional) should be a grid generated by Gmsh. The material properties (i.e. the coefficientes of the PDE) may involve arbitrary dependence of space associated to volumetric physical entities defined in the mesh. Dirichlet, Neumann and/or Robin boundary conditions can be given as algebraic functions of space and are also associated to surface physical entities.

Fino follows, amongst others, the UNIX philosophy. Fino is a back-end aimed at advanced users. For a web-based fronted with Fino running on the cloud, see CAEplex

CAEplex: a web-based interface for finite-element analysis on the cloud

1 Quick start

If you are impatient to run Fino, open a terminal in any GNU/Linux box (may be a VirtualBox box) and run:

curl | sh

Make sure you have curl installed and if you are behind a proxy, that both http_proxy and https_proxy are properly set. If you get any error, either

  1. See the detailed explanation in INSTALL
  2. Ask for help in the mailing list at!forum/wasora

If these instructions are non-sense to you, go directly to point b.

2 Examples

2.1 Tensile test

Let us consider the example input file examples/tensile-test.fin:

MESH FILE_PATH tensile-test-specimen.msh   # mesh file in Gmsh format

# uniform properties
E = 2e5   # Young modulus
nu = 0.3  # Poisson ratio

# boundary conditions (the names come from the physical entities in the mesh)
PHYSICAL_ENTITY NAME right BC tx=0.002*E*(10/13)   # traction
# PHYSICAL_ENTITY NAME right BC u=0 v=0 w=1        # displacement

# print some data
PRINT TEXT "elements                    =" %g elements
PRINT TEXT "nodes                       =" %g nodes


# results
MESH_POST FILE_PATH tensile-test.vtk sigma sigma1 sigma2 sigma3 VECTOR u v w

PRINT TEXT "maximum_diplacement   [mm]  =" %g displ_max
PRINT TEXT "stress_at_the_origin  [MPa] =" %g sigma(0,0,0)
PRINT TEXT "reaction_at_fixed_end [N]   =" %g TEXT "Rx ="  R_left_x TEXT "Ry =" R_left_y TEXT "Rz =" R_left_z
PRINT FILE_PATH tensile-sigma.dat %.0f sigma(0,0,0)

We can run it with Fino like this:

$ fino tensile-test.fin 
elements                    =   3356
nodes                       =   1178
maximum_diplacement   [mm]  =   0.30163
stress_at_the_origin  [MPa] =   399.999
reaction_at_fixed_end [N]   =   Rx =    -40000  Ry =    8.99532e-09     Rz =    -8.00355e-11

We can process the VTK output file with the free tool ParaView:

Tensile test results. 

See the directory examples for further cases.

2.2 Conic valve

Can your solver constrain your model faces to algebraically-defined surfaces such as cones? Ours can (and it is open source):

Conic valve 

SHELL "gmsh -v 0 -3 conic_valve.geo"

E = 200e3
nu = 0.3


PHYSICAL_ENTITY NAME base  BC u=0 v=1e-2 w=0
PHYSICAL_ENTITY NAME top   BC u=0 v=1e-2 w=0

# the cone equation
x1 = -4
y1 = 2

x2 = -2
y2 = 4

f(x) := (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)*(x-x1) + y1
h = f(0)
r = root(f(x), x, -10, 0) 

PHYSICAL_ENTITY NAME cone  BC implicit=((x+u)^2+(z+w)^2)/(r/h)^2-(y+v-h)^2

MESH_POST FILE_PATH conic_valve.vtk sigma VECTOR u v w dudx dvdx dwdx dudy dvdy dwdy dudz dvdz dwdz 

See the original tweet at

3 Licensing

Fino is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 3 or (at your option) any later version.

4 Further information

Home page:
Mailing list and bug reports: (you need to subscribe first at )
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fino is copyright (C) 2014-2017 Jeremy Theler
fino is licensed under GNU GPL version 3 or (at your option) any later version.
fino is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
See the file COPYING for copying conditions.